Open Cars History

Mercedes-Benz History

Mercedes-Benz_historyThe history of this brand is made up of the stories of two famous car brands – “Mercedes”, produced by German company “Daimler Motor-Gesellschaft” and “Benz”, built by the same company. In 1926 these brands were merged into a new concern “Daimler-Benz.”

In 1886 a three-wheeled cart with a gasoline engine was produced. In the same year its creator – Karl Benz got a patent for an invention. The world’s first three-wheeled car was ready and put into production.

After seven years, Carl Benz created his four-wheeled car, and in next year even better cars with a strange name “Bicycle” was put into production.

In 1901, shortly after Daimler’s new model “Mercedes-35PS” release, it became clear that “Benz” is far behind the progress. So, shareholders invited to the company a french engineer Marius Barbara. Karl Benz left the company founded by him. Soon the frenchman was replaced by Fritz Earle. And only after hiring of a talented engineer Hans Niebel, the company started to grow. In 1909 after creating of some excellent cars, the company produced the most famous racing car of that time – “Blitzen Benz” with a 200 hp engine.

In the postwar years there were many new models, most of them were successfully produced until the mid-twenties. From 1886 up to 1926 the company “Benz” produced 47 555 vehicles, including cars and trucks.

In 1890, Gottlieb Daimler, founded the company “Daimler Motor-Gesellschaft”, which started to produce a four-wheel vehicle created by Wilhelm Maybach and Daimler. In 1901 Maybach succeeded in creating of a successful model. The Consul of the Austro-Hungarian Empire asked Emil Jellinek (head of the “Daimler” in France) to name the car after his young and attractive daughter – “Mercedes”.

The first “Mercedes-35PS” had a four-cylinder engine.

Immediately after the war, Paul Daimler began to experiment with the compressor, which allowed to increase engine’s power in 50%. Ferdinand Porsche became a chief engineer in 1923 and finished the experiment. In 1924 he created one of the most outstanding cars of the world – “Mersedes-24/100/140PS”.

By 1926, “Daimler-Motor-Gesellschaft” produced 147,961 cars.

In 1928 Hans Niebel replaced Porsche and designed models of “Stuttgart 200″, “Mannheim 350″, “Nurburg 460″ series as well as the “Mercedes-Benz 770″ – the largest model with 8-cylinder engine 200 hp.

Max Zallera became a chief enginer in 1935 and created the first car with a diesel engine – “Mercedes-Benz 260D” and the new version of “770″.

In 1954 concern released a unique car, which had no analogues in the world. Sports coupe “Gullwing” had a three-liter six-cylinder engine 215 hp.

In September 1963 at the Frankfurt Motor Show a car with factory index W 100 was shown. It had a proud name “Mercedes-Benz 600″.

In 1967 the company began production of the middle-class cars. Models from “200″ up to “280SE” became the most popular.

The class of compact cars, which production was stopped in the mid-50s, was returned by the company in 1982, launching the “Mercedes-Benz 190″ (”W 201″). Since 1998, “Mercedes Benz” cover all auto market segments with its car models of A to S classes, and SUVs of M and G classes.

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