The history of the Toyota company started in 1933 when Toyoda Automatic Loom Works company, which originally was involved in textile industry, opened a car department. It was opened by the eldest son of the owner of Sakichi Toyoda, Kiichiro Toyoda, who subsequently made the Toyota car brand well known all around the world.
In 1935 work on the first passenger car Model AA was completed. Model A1 and the first truck Model G1 were also designed. In 1936 first four trucks G1 were exported to the northern China. A year later, in 1937, the automobile department became a separate company, called Toyota Motor Co., Ltd.
In the postwar period industry of Japan experienced not the best times.
In the early 50s Taiichi Ohno introduced a unique production management system “Kamban”, which allowed to reduce production loss: materials, time and capacity. In 1962 the system was integrated in all the Toyota group companies and proved to be effective.
In 1952 the founder of the company Kiichiro Toyoda died.
In the 50’s Toyota developed its own designs and made extensive research. Toyota Motor Sales, USA, was founded in the United States. The first attempt to export Toyota vehicles in to the USA market ended in failure.
In 1961 a small economical car Toyota Publica was produced. It became very popular and in 1962 Toyota celebrated a one millionth car in its history. Toyota Corona exported in to the USA in 1965 quickly became widespread and was considered to be the most popular Japanese car outside the country. In 1966, Toyota introduced its, perhaps, the most popular car – Corolla, production of which successfully continues up to this day.
In the early 80s, the company Toyota Motor Co., Ltd. and Toyota Motor Sales Co., Ltd. integrated into Toyota Motor Corporation. At the same time production of the model Camry began. By that time, Toyota was the largest automobile manufacturer in Japan and the third largest in the world in terms of production.
In 1983, Toyota signed an agreement with General Motors.
One of the main events of the 80s was a foundation of the new Toyota division – Lexus, which was aimed for production of high-end cars. Lexus started to produce luxury expensive cars and in 1989 Lexus LS400 and Lexus ES250 were introduced to the public.
In 1990 Toyota opened its own design center – Tokyo Design Center.
In 1999, was produced one hundred millionth Toyota car in Japan.
Today, Toyota is one of the world’s largest car manufacturers. Of course, it is also the largest Japanese auto company, which produces more than 5.5 million vehicles a year. In 2002, Toyota entered into a new sphere, taking part in Formula 1 racing.